How do connected things streamline processes across industries?
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How do connected things streamline processes across industries?

The term "Internet of Things" or "IoT" refers to a network of interconnected devices and the technology that allows them to communicate with one another and the cloud. We now have billions of devices connected to the internet thanks to the invention of inexpensive computer chips and high-speed connections. This implies that everyday items like toothbrushes, vacuums, automobiles, and machines may collect data and respond intelligently to users using sensors.

The Internet of Things (IoT) links mundane objects with the internet. Engineers have been adding sensors and processors to everyday items since the 90s. Because the chips were big and bulky, progress was initially sluggish. RFID tags, which operate on a low-powered computing chip known as an RFID tag, were initially used to track expensive equipment. Over time, these chips have decreased in size, grown more powerful, and become smarter.

The cost of integrating computing power into tiny objects has dropped significantly in recent years. With the advent of IoT devices, an entire industry has emerged to outfit our houses, businesses, and offices with smart things. These intelligent items can send information automatically to and from the Internet.

What is the Internet of Things (IoT)?

The Internet of Things (IoT) is a term used to describe the network of real, physical objects—sometimes known as "things"—connected to the internet and equipped with sensors, software, and other technologies for data communication. Household and commercial devices are only a few IoT gadgets available. This list ranges from basic household objects to sophisticated industrial tools.

The Internet of Things is a vast network of linked devices and people — all capture and exchange data regarding how they have been utilized and the environment in which they operate

The "thing" in the IoT might be a person with a heart monitor implant, a farm animal wearing a biochip transponder, an automobile with built-in sensors that notify the driver when tire pressure is low, or any other natural or manufactured object that can be given an IP address and communicate data across networks. Even connected footballs track how far and fast they are thrown and record them via an app for future training.

Experts predict that over 10 billion connected IoT devices will be by 2025.

How does IoT work?

An IoT system collects and transmits real-time data. An IoT system comprises three components: Smart devices, an IoT application, and a user interface.

  • Smart devices, such as televisions or security cameras with computing capabilities provide data to the cloud. It collects data from its surroundings, user inputs, and use patterns and transmits information over the internet to and from its IoT application.
  • An IoT application is a suite of services and software connecting data from various IoT devices. It utilizes machine learning or artificial intelligence (AI) to analyze this information and make informed judgments. These decisions are relayed to the IoT device, which responds intelligently to changes.
  • A graphical user interface is used to administer the IoT device or fleet of devices. One example is a smartphone application or website that can be used to add and manage smart gadgets.

An IoT ecosystem consists of web-enabled smart devices that use embedded systems, such as processors, sensors, and communication hardware, to collect, send and act on data they acquire from their environments. IoT devices collaborate to share sensor data by connecting to an IoT gateway or edge device where data is either sent to the cloud for analysis or handled locally.

IoT gadgets communicate with one another and use the knowledge they gather to perform actions based on what they learn. Over time, the sensors' data are sent to a cloud server where artificial intelligence algorithms can be trained and deployed in remote locations. The devices execute most activities without human involvement, although humans may intervene, such as setting them up, giving instructions, or accessing data.

IoT solutions employ machine learning algorithms to analyze big data sets from many connected sensors in the cloud. You can access key performance indicators, failure counts, and other information with real-time IoT dashboards and alerts. Machine learning-based algorithms can identify equipment anomalies, create user notifications, and even trigger automated repairs or preventive counters.

While the concept of IoT has been around for quite some time, recent advances in various disciplines have made it much more practical:

  • Affordable and reliable sensors are making IoT technology possible for more manufacturers.
  • The internet provides numerous network protocols for data communication, and it's simple to link sensors to the cloud and other "things" for efficient data transmission.
  • The increased availability of cloud platforms allows businesses and customers to use the infrastructure they need to scale up without managing it all.
  • With machine learning and data analytics and access to a plethora of data stored in the cloud, organizations can get insights more quickly and efficiently than ever. The development of these associated technologies has pushed the limits of IoT technology and the data created by it.
  • Natural-language processing (NLP) has been brought to the internet of things devices (such as digital personal assistants Alexa, Cortana, and Siri) by advances in neural networks.
  • Edge computing is the process of making smart gadgets do more than send or respond to data to their IoT platform. It boosts the computing power at the network's edges, lowering latency and increasing response speed.

IoT has rapidly grown to be one of the essential technologies of this century. We can now connect everyday objects and mechanical systems to the internet using embedded sensors, allowing for smooth communication between people, procedures, and things

Benefits of IoT

Organizations can deliver greater value to their customers by investing in the Internet of Things, such as more personalized client engagement, less material, and labor waste, and enhanced operational efficiency. As data is gathered and analyzed, new trends may reveal new revenue possibilities owing to these advantages. Trends suggest that IoT use is rapidly diversifying and becoming more widespread due to these benefits.

With IoT, businesses analyze and respond to data in real-time, allowing them to make wise decisions. There's a lot of potentials for industries to operate more efficiently and give new value to customers by adopting the proper IoT solution. These new data sources come with timely and relevant insights about their business and consumers.

IoT allows businesses to use their data to tackle their operational issues. The Internet of Things isn't simply about connected devices; it's about the information those devices generate and the significant, immediate insights that may be gained from that data.

Organizations can use generated insights to enhance businesses and cut expenses via improvements such as waste reduction, streamlined operational and mechanical procedures, or the expansion into new lines of business that are only feasible with reliable real-time data. IoT makes it conceivable to obtain a natural competitive edge by taking data from IoT and turning it into insights, then converting those insights into action.

Businesses can also profit from the data created by these sensors to make their systems and supply chains more efficient since they will have far more precise information about what is happening.

IoT is also used to enhance workplace safety. For example, workers in hazardous industries such as coal mines, oil and gas fields, and chemical and power plants need to be aware of any dangerous event that might impact them.

Smartphones or devices linked to IoT sensor-based applications may be alerted of faults or rescued from them as soon as possible. Wearables monitoring human health and environmental conditions are also used in IoT applications. These types of apps assist individuals in better comprehending their health and allow doctors to monitor patients remotely.

Companies are increasingly capitalizing on the enormous business value that IoT can provide as it grows in popularity. These advantages include but are not limited to:

  • Using IoT data to create data-driven insights that may help you manage your organization more efficiently
  • Increasing business productivity and efficiency
  • New business models and revenue streams
  • Quickly and seamlessly connecting the physical business world to the digital world to drive quick time to value

How is IoT used in different industries?

IoT provides businesses with new tools to rethink their operations, allowing them to enhance their business strategies. IoT is most prevalent in industrial, transportation, and utility companies that use sensors and other IoT devices; nevertheless, it has shown to be useful for agriculture, infrastructure, and home automation organizations.


IoT has revolutionized farming in several ways. Farmers may get more precise data to plan irrigation cycles by installing moisture sensors across fields. Moisture sensors can also be integrated into IoT applications that control the irrigation equipment, automatically triggering irrigation based on sensor readings.


Manufacturers may benefit from utilizing production-line monitoring to enable proactive equipment maintenance when sensors detect an impending failure. Sensors can indeed tell when production output is reduced. Manufacturers may use sensor alerts to quickly assess the accuracy of their equipment and remove it from production until it is fixed. This allows corporations to save money by achieving greater uptime and improving asset performance management.


IoT solutions help retail organizations track inventory, enhance customer experience, optimize supply chains, and reduce operational costs. Smart shelves with weight sensors can collect RFID-based data and send it to the IoT platform to monitor inventory automatically and generate alerts if items are running low. Beacons can be used to deliver personalized advertisements and discounts to provide a more appealing experience for visitors.


The automotive industry has a lot to gain from IoT. Sensors may also detect impending vehicle failure while the cars are on the road and can notify the driver with information and recommendations and offer benefits of using IoT in production lines. Automakers and suppliers can learn how to keep vehicles running, and customers informed thanks to IoT-based applications.

Connected cars

The automobile is being reinvented by IoT, which allows connected automobiles. With IoT, drivers may control their cars remotely—for example, before the car is preheated or called for by phone. Given IoT's capacity to link devices together, automobiles will be able to make their service appointments as needed.

The connected car upends the automobile ownership model for both manufacturers and dealers. Manufacturers previously had an arms-length connection with individual customers (or none at all). The manufacturer's connection with the vehicle terminated when it was delivered to the dealer.

Connected cars allow automobile manufacturers or dealers to connect with their customers continuously. Instead of selling automobiles, they may charge consumers usage charges and provide a "transportation-as-a-service" using autonomous vehicles. By utilizing the Internet of Things, manufacturers may regularly add new features to their cars, making for a major shift from the typical vehicle ownership model in which vehicles deteriorate in performance and value after purchase.


IoT asset monitoring has a variety of applications for the healthcare sector. Physicians, nurses, and orderlies frequently need to know the precise position of patient-assistance assets such as wheelchairs. When hospitals' wheelchairs are outfitted with IoT sensors, they may be tracked through an IoT asset-monitoring app to allow anybody searching for one to find the closest wheelchair quickly. Many hospital assets can be tracked this way to ensure proper usage and financial accounting for the physical assets in each department.


The IoT's adoption by enterprises can be divided into industry-specific solutions like sensors in a power plant or real-time location devices for healthcare and IoT gadgets that may be utilized in any sector, such as smart air conditioners or security systems.


The uses of IoT in the public sector and other service-based industries are equally broad. Government-owned utilities, for example, may use IoT-based apps to notify their consumers about widespread outages and even minor disruptions to water, power, or sewer services. IoT solutions can collect data on the breadth of an outage and deploy resources to assist utility repair problems faster.

Transportation and logistics

IoT is being used to improve transportation and logistics systems in several ways. Vehicle fleets may be redirected using IoT sensor data based on weather conditions, vehicle availability, or driver availability. Sensors might also be installed in the inventory for track-and-trace and temperature control monitoring when it comes to monitoring applications that send alerts when temperatures.

Home automation

The home automation sector uses IoT to monitor and control mechanical and electrical systems in a structure. On a larger scale, smart cities can aid residents in reducing waste and energy consumption. Smart home devices are generally used to improve the efficiency and safety of your house and enhance network connectivity. Smart outlets, for example, monitor power consumption. In contrast, smart thermostats allow for better temperature control. IoT sensors may be utilized to maintain a hydroponic garden, while smoke alarms can detect tobacco smoke with IoT technology. Door locks, security cameras, and water leak sensors may identify and stop dangers while alerting homeowners.

What is industrial IoT (IIoT)?

IoT in industrial environments, particularly for instrumentation and control of sensors and devices that employ cloud computing technologies, is referred to as the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT). Wireless automation and management have recently been accomplished by industries using machine-to-machine communication (M2M).

With the advent of cloud and associated technologies (such as analytics and machine learning), sectors may establish a new automation layer, enabling them to develop new sources of income. The Industrial Internet of Things is sometimes referred to as the fourth stage of the industrial revolution. Common uses for IIoT are smart manufacturing, preventive and predictive maintenance, smart power grids, smart cities, connected logistics, and smart digital supply chains.

Remote monitoring

Remote monitoring allows monitoring almost anything, including heavy equipment, automobiles, and even livestock, almost anywhere on Earth continuously or at set intervals. The insights you get from IoT-connected items may help you decrease your service costs, improve your business processes, increase the number of appointments per day, cut fuel expenses, and reduce wear-and-tear by using machine learning capabilities to route freight or vehicles more efficiently.

Predictive maintenance

Predictive maintenance is computerized maintenance management in which machine learning software analyzes data to predict outcomes and automate actions. Predictive capabilities allow service companies to depart from the traditional reactive and scheduled maintenance business model and use their data to identify problems before they become severe. This allows experts to intervene before clients even notice there's a problem.

Manufacturing efficiency

What is the role of the internet of things in manufacturing? Every company is unique, but many manufacturing processes, from raw materials to completed goods, follow a similar route. It's possible to learn from your systems and discover new methods to manage your operations and product quality with data produced by your smart devices and sensors. With these data insights, organizations can 'identify bottlenecks that reduce efficiency, enabling them to improve their process, reduce downtime caused by unplanned maintenance or equipment failure, eliminate substandard materials, parts, or errors before your product is complete, and reduce downtime caused by unplanned maintenance or equipment failure.

Facilities management

IoT can also monitor buildings, infrastructure, and other areas, allowing you to improve energy efficiency, space usage, productivity, and safety with the data you collect. Organizational insights may assist companies in saving money by automating lighting or optimizing heating and cooling cycles, boosting employee or occupant happiness by keeping equipment operational, and ensuring that items are available.